What is Cervical Cytology?

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Every year, girls, women who monitor their own health, undergo comprehensive medical examination and give various tests, including an analysis for cytology of the cervix. What is this analysis and why is it needed?
What is cytology of the cervix?
This is an analysis that allows detecting precancerous cells in the cervical region. In time, the oncological disease diagnosed by modern medicine allows to completely cure. And the main problem today is only in the possibility of detecting cancer in its initial stages. Just this problem and decides oncology of the cervix, which is a full study of the body, during which a smear is taken and the layers of the epithelium covering the cervix are inspected.Due to the analysis it is possible to detect mutated cells that can signal the development of cancer. In addition, an analysis of the oncology of the cervix can also provide an idea of ​​any other changes in the epithelium, in particular, inflammatory processes. Thus, a timely examination allows you to detect diseases of a different nature and eliminate it – also at an early stage.Who is shown oncocytology of the cervix? All women, girls who celebrated their eighteenth birthday. To address to the gynecologist follows not only when there are any fears concerning own health, but also in the preventive purposes. Even if you lead a correct, healthy lifestyle, do not smoke or drink alcohol, even if you are actively involved in sports, the risk of developing cervical disease is not ruled out, and only a timely examination will help identify and fix the problem in time.

If a specialist has discovered any pathology of the cervix during examination, the analysis should be submitted at least once every 6 months. If it is a question of disease prevention, it is enough to apply to the gynecologist once a year.

Mandatory testimony for the analysis is HPV, which is very often the cause of cancer development.

Finally, an analysis of the oncocytology of the cervix is ​​shown to patients:
With various violations of the cycle of menstruation;
Complaining of pain in the abdomen;
Sterile;
Under treatment with hormones;
Who have close relatives of cancer patients.

In the risk of oncology of the cervix uterus are elderly women. And the problem lies not in some age-related changes in the body, but in the certainty that when menopause occurs, all problems associated with the genital sphere themselves disappear. Women, confident that they are not threatened by anything, just stop visiting a gynecologist and the disease is often found at the very last stages, when any treatment becomes ineffective. Therefore it is worth remembering: the analysis is given at any age and in any state of health – only a responsible attitude to this issue will allow you to detect any changes in the uterus at the initial stage and eliminate the problem.

How does an analysis for oncocytology?
The doctor uses a sterile instrument to pinch a little of the epithelium from the surface of the cervix.
The procedure is not accompanied by pain or discomfort. After taking the analysis, a woman may have bloody unwanted secretions one to two days later, however, they do not require correction and end very quickly.

The doctor puts the analysis taken on a special glass. Then the assays are processed with fixative and staining solutions, and then sent to the laboratory, where the harvested cells are examined by a morphologist under a microscope. Finally, the expert gives an appropriate conclusion.

Remember that the results of the analysis also depend on how seriously and responsibly you reacted to the preparation for the procedure. Do not go to the doctor for analysis if you have inflammation in the uterus, if there are spotting from the vagina (including menstruation). Also, experts recommend refraining from sexual intercourse for two days before the examination. Do not also use tampons, ointments, syringes.

Oncocytology of the cervix can give one of five results:
1 class. The smear does not contain any abnormal cells. Is the norm.
2 class. An inflammatory process has been found (for example, colpitis).
3 class. The smear includes a small percentage of atypical cells. This is an indication for reanalysis.
4th grade. The smear contains altered cells.
Grade 5. All cells contained in the smear are atypical. In this case, it makes sense to talk about the high risk of cancer.
But do not forget that the analysis on oncology only indicates the existing changes in the cells: not being an exact indicator of oncology, it only “hints” at the necessity (absence of that) in a thorough study of the cervix.

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